How to Install Monica CRM with Nginx on Ubuntu

What is Monica?

Monica is a great open source personal relationship management system.

–  MonicaHQ


Install Prerequisite Packages


sudo apt update
sudo apt install -y git

PHP 7.4+

sudo apt-get install -y software-properties-common

Install PHP 7.4 and required Extensions

sudo apt install -y php7.4 php7.4-bcmath php7.4-cli php7.4-curl php7.4-common \
    php7.4-fpm php7.4-gd php7.4-gmp php7.4-intl php7.4-json php7.4-mbstring \
    php7.4-mysql php7.4-opcache php7.4-redis php7.4-xml php7.4-zip


cd /tmp
curl -s -o composer-setup.php
sudo php composer-setup.php --install-dir=/usr/local/bin/ --filename=composer
rm -f composer-setup.php

If required please follow composer documentation to install composer properly based on requirements.


In this example, node.js version 14.x has been used.

curl -fsSL | sudo -E bash -
sudo apt install -y nodejs


sudo npm install --global yarn


sudo apt install -y mysql-server
sudo mysql_secure_installation

Please follow the on-screen instructions to secure MySQL installation.

Note: Monica official installation only supports the MySQL database.


sudo apt install -y nginx

Prepare Database

Log in to the database

mysql -u root -p

Create a database named monica_crm

CREATE DATABASE monica_crm CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_unicode_ci;

Create a user named monica and secure it with a complex/strong password

CREATE USER 'monica'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'r6wE3Ykf4ckerhvMLBem';

Please change the username/password accordingly. Must replace the password.

Configure user monica to be able to do all types of operations on the newly created database.

GRANT ALL ON monica_crm.* TO 'monica'@'localhost';

Apply these changes and exit the database.


Exit out of database CLI with command exit.

Clone Monica Repository

First of all, find out the latest release of monica from the release page on GitHub. Note it down and replace the tag version with the latest release tag.

Now, clone the repository to nginx webserver’s common root directory. Which is /var/www/html/

cd /var/www/html/
git clone
cd monica/
git fetch
git checkout tags/v3.1.1

Please use the latest release tag for checkout.

Configure Monica

Configurations are done in /var/www/html/monica/

cd /var/www/html/monica/

Step 01

Copy the example configuration file to create a customized configuration for this installation

cp .env.example .env

Open the .env file in a text editor like vim or nano and edit a few things like database configuration

nano .env
  • Set DB_DATABSE, DB_USERNAME, DB_PASSWORD with appropriate values from the previous steps
  • Set APP_URL to the desired URL. E.g. http://localhost, http://monica.homelab.local,
  • Set APP_DISABLE_SIGNUP=false if you don’t want to create a primary user (see step 05)
  • Set APP_ENV to local or production

Setting APP_ENV to production will force HTTPS. If you don’t want HTTPS, use APP_ENV=local

Step 02

Run the following command to install all required packages for monica

composer install --no-interaction --no-dev

Step 03

To install frontend packages and build the assets (js, CSS), run the following commands

yarn install
yarn run production

Step 04

Generate APP_KEY and set the value to .env automatically

php artisan key:generate

Step 05

To run migrations, seeding the database, and creating symlink directories use the following command

php artisan setup:production -v


if you want to create a default user while setting up monica, use

php artisan setup:production --password=yourpassword -v

Configure Email Service

Monica can send emails and reminders to the recipients via SMTP. To configure email service, an SMTP server configuration is required. Please see a few SMTP services that can be used. There are free and paid plans available for most of them.

Once, you have the required information for SMTP, open the .env file and modify the following variables according to your SMTP service provider.

nano .env
MAIL_HOST: # ex:
MAIL_PORT: 587 # is using tls, as you should
MAIL_USERNAME: my_service_username # ex: apikey
MAIL_PASSWORD: my_service_password # ex: SG.Psuoc6NZTrGHAF9fdsgsdgsbvjQ.JuxNWVYmJ8LE0
MAIL_FROM_ADDRESS: # ex: email you want the email to be FROM
MAIL_FROM_NAME: Monica # ex: name of the sender

For SendGrid, apikey is the username and password is a very long string. Do not mistake the string apikey as an instruction to put in an apikey in it’s place.

Configure Cron Job

Monica requires a few processes to run continuously so to achieve that we will use a cronjob

Run crontab edit command for the user www-data , as www-data is the user for Nginx to run the webserver and this user should have permission on directory /var/www/html/monica

crontab -u www-data -e

Add the following line to the crontab editor

* * * * * php /var/www/html/monica/artisan schedule:run >> /dev/null 2>&1

Configure Nginx

Fix directory permissions for the project directory

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/monica
sudo chmod -R 775 /var/www/html/monica/storage

Create a file named monica.conf (with syntax monica.domain.tld.conf) in /etc/nginx/sites-available/

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/monica.conf

Add the following content in the file, save and exit.

server {
	listen 80;
	root /var/www/html/monica/public;
	index index.php;
	server_name monica.domain.tld;
	include global/restrictions.conf;
        location / {
		try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;
	location ~ \.php$ {
		include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
                fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
		fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.4-fpm.sock;
                fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
                fastcgi_param DOCUMENT_ROOT $realpath_root;

Please change monica.domain.tld with the appropriate server name.

Now, create a symlink in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/ for the newly created server configuration.

cd /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/
sudo ln -sf /etc/nginx/sites-available/monica.conf monica

Now, test out the Nginx configuration

sudo nginx -t

If everything is Okay. Restart or reload the Nginx service.


sudo systemctl restart nginx

Reload configuration without restart

sudo nginx -s reload

Browse Monica

Open a web browser and browse to the server name provided in the Nginx server_name directive.


If you are using an FQDN as a server name, FQDN (Fully Qualified Domain Name) should be resolvable via DNS or hosts file on the browsing host.

Monica Login Page